Bill text – ab-163 school safety_ peace officer interactions with pupils

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This bill would require the governing board of a school district to adopt and annually review a policy regarding the scope of peace officer interactions, including, but not limited to, those employed by a school police department or by a local law enforcement agency, with pupils and to consider how to reduce the presence of peace officers on campus. Pound sterling to us dollar exchange rate By imposing additional duties on school districts, the bill would impose a state-mandated

local program. Exchange rate usd to idr The bill would require a school district, before the beginning of the 2018–19 school year, as a condition of having a school police department to adopt specified policies, or as a condition of entering into or continuing an agreement with a local law enforcement agency to have one or more regularly assigned peace officers at any of its schools to enter into a memorandum of understanding containing specified policies, regarding the scope of peace officer interactions with pupils.


The millionaire next door summary The bill would require those policies to include specified elements, including, among others, that school staff only call a peace officer when there is a real and immediate physical threat to pupils, teachers, or public safety or when mandated by existing law, that a peace officer not arrest or discipline pupils for violations of school rules or for low-level misconduct, and that a peace officer not interview or arrest a pupil on a school campus during school hours absent a real and immediate physical threat to pupils,

(c) During the 2013–14 school year, California K–12 schools reported 22,746 referrals of pupils to law enforcement and 9,540 pupil arrests. Exchange rate to usd Pupils of color, pupils with disabilities, pupils in low-income households, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning pupils are disproportionately affected by these arrests and referrals to law enforcement. Equity meaning in tagalog From 2013 to 2014 in California, American Indian pupils were 3.4 times as likely, Black pupils were 2.7 times as likely, and

Hawaiian/Pacific Islander pupils were 1.4 times as likely as their White peers to receive a school-based referral to law enforcement. 1 usd to ngn black market Additionally, Black pupils were three times as likely, American Indian pupils were twice as likely, and Hawaiian/Pacific Islander pupils were 1.5 times as likely as White pupils to be subjected to school-related arrest. 1 hkd to usd In addition, in some large school districts in California, Latino pupils are significantly more likely than White pupils to be referred to law enforcement or arrested at school. Us dollar to canadian dollar chart Pupils with disabilities were three times as likely as pupils without disabilities to be arrested in school. Us stock futures cnn The average arrest rate in California schools where more than 80 percent of pupils were in low-income households was seven times the average arrest rate in schools where less than 20 percent of pupils were in low-income households.

(k) In 2013, after concerted pressure by community activists working in coalition, the Pasadena Unified School District and the Pasadena Police Department entered into a memorandum of understanding that mandates police officers “will not respond to calls of discipline problems involving pupils” and requires the police department to collect detailed data about interactions between pupils and police officers. Binary to decimal converter The police department worked closely with the school district to train school staff to understand that arrests and referrals to law enforcement should be used only as a last resort. Euro forecast model As a result of this training, school staff largely stopped referring pupils to the police for

breaking school rules or other disciplinary issues. Usd to sgd converter In addition, arrests, citations, and contact between pupils and police officers have plummeted throughout the school district. Binary decoder Within the last year, the police department reduced the number of permanent police officers in the school district from six to two, and may further reduce that number.

(l) In 2014, after concerted pressure by a coalition of community and legal services groups concerned about the effects of police practices on pupils, the Oakland Unified School District, which has its own school police department, adopted policies that limit the role of police in schools of the school district. Aud to usd bloomberg The new policies require that a parent or guardian be notified before his or her child is questioned by police in school and require police officers to advise pupils of their constitutional right to remain silent during interrogation. Usd rub chart The school district also adopted a complaint procedure

for pupils and other victims of police misconduct in schools. Binary code calculator The change came about after parents and other community members organized over concern that Black pupils in the school district are disproportionately targeted for referral to law enforcement.

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