Endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography, ercp endoscopy india

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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (en-doh-SKAH-pik REH-troh-grayd koh-LAN-jee-oh-PANG-kree-uh-TAH-gruh-fee) (ERCP) enables the physician to diagnose problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. Usd nzd The liver is a large organ that, among other things, makes a liquid called bile that helps with digestion.

The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that stores bile until it is needed for digestion. Equity meaning in accounting The bile ducts are tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder and small intestine.


Cnn world market futures These ducts are sometimes called the biliary tree. Exchange rate usd to cad history The pancreas is a large gland that produces chemicals that help with digestion and hormones such as insulin.

ERCP is used primarily to diagnose and treat conditions of the bile ducts, including gallstones, inflammatory strictures (scars), leaks (from trauma and surgery), and cancer. Usd rate ERCP combines the use of x rays and an endoscope, which is a long, flexible, lighted tube. 10110 binary Through the endoscope, the physician can see the inside of the stomach and duodenum, and inject dyes into the ducts in the biliary tree and pancreas so they can be seen on x rays.

For the procedure, you will lie on your left side on an examining table in an x-ray room. Rs to usd exchange rate You will be given medication to help numb the back of your throat and a sedative to help you relax during the exam. Xpf to usd You will swallow the endoscope, and the physician will then guide the scope through your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum until it reaches the spot where the ducts of the biliary tree and pancreas open into the duodenum.

At this time, you will be turned to lie flat on your stomach, and the physician will pass a small plastic tube through the scope. Exchange rate us to pound Through the tube, the physician will inject a dye into the ducts to make them show up clearly on x rays. Price of gold dubai X rays are taken as soon as the dye is injected ERCP takes 30 minutes to 2 hours.

You may have some discomfort when the physician blows air into the duodenum and injects the dye into the ducts. Binary convert to text However, the pain medicine and sedative should keep you from feeling too much discomfort. Video editor windows free After the procedure, you will need to stay at the hospital for 1 to 2 hours until the sedative wears off. Funny quotes about work stress The physician will make sure you do not have signs of complications before you leave. Goldman sachs gold forecast 2016 If any kind of treatment is done during ERCP, such as removing a gallstone, you may need to stay in the hospital overnight.

During ERCP, a gastroenterologist (doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the gastrointestinal system), uses a special endoscope (a long, flexible tube with a light and camera at the end) to examine the inside of the digestive system. Funny jokes in urdu The doctor identifies the place where the bile duct comes into the intestine and then feeds a tiny catheter (a plastic tube) into the duct and squirts in a contrast agent while X-rays are taken. Convert 3000 euros to us dollars The contrast agent allows the doctors to see the bile ducts, the gallbladder, and the pancreatic duct on the X-rays.

Sphincterotomy. Binary counters This involves making a small incision in the opening of the pancreatic duct or the bile duct, which can help small gallstones, bile, and pancreatic juice to drain appropriately.

• ERCP can cause acute pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) in 1 in 50 patients. Python tutorial pdf Antibiotics may be given to help prevent this but it may result in a prolonged stay in hospital and occasionally a surgical operation is necessary to treat it.

• ERCP may result in infection within the bile duct. Coffee futures market news This is usually treatable with antibiotics that may be given prior to the procedure, but occasionally it may be serious.

• ERCP may result in bleeding particularly if the bile duct needs to be cut. Usa today high school football rankings 2016 The bleeding can usually be stopped by an injection through the endoscope, but if it is serious a surgical operation may become necessary. 500 usd If required, a blood sample will be taken before your test to check your clotting levels.

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