Risk factor


There are many diseases, conditions, and infections which can increase the risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma. Binary converter calculator A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of getting cancer. Euro dollar exchange rate today Having risk factors does not mean that you will get the disease and some people that get the disease have no known risk factors.

Usd inr exchange rate The main focus of what we will present here will be on liver fluke infections and their significance as risk factors for developing cholangiocarcinoma.

Liver fluke infections are considered to be an epidemic in Thailand and more specifically the North and Northeast regions of the country. Market futures cnn money It is a common practice for people within these regions to eat raw or undercooked (salted, pickled, or smoked) fish that are infected with liver fluke cysts. Usd cny chart In humans, these flukes live in the bile ducts and are identified as a significant risk factor for developing bile duct cancer. Exchange rate us canadian dollar There are several types of liver flukes, however the most common liver fluke infection in these regions are caused by the species Opisthorchis vivirrini, commonly refered to as Ov.

There are drugs that can be taken to eliminate the infection and in most cases the risk factors of liver fluke infection can be prevented. 100 aud to usd When the infection goes undetected and untreated, it can induce an inflammatory reaction and lead to the development of cholangiocarcinoma.

The eggs of and Opisthorchis vivirrini The eggs produced by the mature adult worms pass down the bile duct of their host (people) and are excreted in the faeces. Gold price in usa per ounce If the eggs reach a freshwater body (small ponds, streams and rivers, flooded rice fields, and reservoirs) they are ingested by snails in fresh water. Pound to usd conversion After the eggs hatch, infected snails will release microscopic larvae that will enter freshwater fish by penetrating their skin and tissue. Stock meaning in urdu Once they enter the fish they form cysts (sac-like pocket) in the tissue of the fish. Futures market hours of operation People become infected when eating the parasite containing cysts within infected raw or undercooked freshwater fish. Stock market definitions terms Once ingested, the cysts travel to the small intestine, the larvae excyst (exit the cyst), and migrate to the liver where they feed upon the bile created by the liver. Equity meaning in real estate The larvae will mature within the biliary system and liver where the life cycle can take up to 3 months to complete. E mini dow trading hours Infected people will then pass eggs in their feces or may cough them up.

In Thailand, at least 15 species of freshwater cyprinoid fish are able to serve as intermediate hosts of Ov. Binary decision tree The tradition of eating raw or uncooked fish products is the main reason that liver fluke is a problem in Thailand. Commodity futures market This is very popular in the northeastern and northern region, particularly in rural areas. Hockey blackhawks In the northeast, three types of preparations contain uncooked, small and medium-sized, fish: (1) koi pla which is eaten soon after preparation; (2) moderately fermented pla som which is stored for a few days to weeks; and (3) pla ra which is extensively fermented, highly salted fish, and stored for at least 2-3 months. Pound exchange rate history The consumption frequency of koi pla in the population of some communities who ate it every week was approximately 80%. Code translator Studies found the highest prevalence of liver fluke infection in the northeasterners who ate koi pla. Mortgage meaning dictionary The frequencies of koi pla consumption have declined and are generally confined to special social occasions, while other under-cooked fish preparations like pla som and other moderately preserved fish are generally eaten several times a week. Usd to nzd converter Pla ra and jaewbhong, fully preserved fishes, are an important staple food and consumed daily by 60%-98% of northeasterners. Us to rmb rate Studies have reported that Koi pla is probably the most infective, followed by the fish preserved for less than 7 days, then pla ra and jaewbhong.

It has been reported that average prevalence rate of Ov. Usd to inr exchange rate western union in northern Thailand is >19% and >15% in the northeast. Binary search algorithm example The infection rate increases among the people who are living in endemic areas, ranging from 60 to 80% depending upon the communities. Equity finance group In a community in Khon Kaen, the overall prevalence of Ov infection is 94% and it reaches 100% among the people above the age of 10 years . Video editor windows 10 free The tradition of eating raw or undercooked fish products is more common in men than woman and is suspected to be the reason for the higher prevalence of Ov infection in men.