Unit three essay the consideration of male and female gender role stereotypes blog us canadian dollar exchange rate

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Gender roles are present in every aspect of culture, and depending on where you are, the dynamic changes. Dynamics change based on geography, culture, religion, and many more aspects of life. So what makes the contrasting views on the personification of men and women in the world? This essay will discuss the facets of males and females that define one other and why they are defined as such us market futures bloomberg. Two sources will be compared to do so.

The first source is a clinical examination observed through a scientific study noticing the gender role stereotypes leading to the distinguishing characteristics between men and women by subjecting 79 clinically trained phycologists, psychiatrists, or social workers to a test on what traits they believe to be defined as masculine or feminine by means of a survey.

In the second source, the composition of genders is examined through a socioeconomic and anthropological lens.


It discusses goals in the equal empowerment of women as well as to why women are not seen as equal. It conceptualizes theories as for why they are different by observing the correlation between agency, resources, and achievement, and is more of a sociological ascertainment than a medical estimation.

Both sources have been perused, and it can be concluded that because of the scientific groundwork, the first source is responsible for greater precision and accuracy.

Source 1 was study of sex role stereotypes and clinical judgments of mental health conducted by Inge K. Broverman, Donald M. Broverman, and Frank E. Clarkson of Worcester State Hospital and by Paul S. Rosenkrantz of Holy Cross College as well as with Susan R usd to cny. Vogel of Brandeis University. It was published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. The study was performed by applying a questionnaire consisting of 122 items that were given to the subject of 79 clinically trained professionals (namely psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers). The clinicians were given a set of instructions that were described as follows:

The hypothesis was that the clinical health of the outlook of a gender will vary depending on what sex is being discussed and to display a lateral view between the traits of the two sexes. Also hypothesized was the aspects construed as “healthy” or “appropriate” for an adult will more often be associated with men rather than with women (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al).

The subjects of this analysis were 79 presently working clinicians (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). There were 46 men and 33 women, ages compassing between 23 and 55 years old (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). The questionnaire contained 122 samples of short phrases such as “very agressive” or “doesn’t hide emotion at all” and for each trait, there were two choices: one is the more desirable trait, and the other is the less attractive option (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). For example, there is “very aggressive” and “not aggressive at all” ((Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). The latter would be the more desirable trait market data live futures quotes. The object was for the subjects to specify what they defined as a feminine or masculine trait. It was found from the sample that more of the masculine traits were found as the more desirable traits and those more commonly regarded as feminine traits are the least enticing (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). Other studies indicate that social desirability is correlated to clinical judgments of health for masculinity and femininity (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). Both hypotheses proved correct: The relationships of the clinicians’ judgments of health for men and women matched with stereotypic gender roles and social inclination (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al).

The subjects’ concepts of a healthy man do not differ from the concepts of a healthy gender unspecified adult, however women’s standards of health and maturity do (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). This study shows that the definition of healthy for men and women are different— thus creating a double standard of mental standing for men and women (Broverman, Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Et Al). This study also distinguishes that men and women contrast biologically, which happens to echo behaviorally as well. Overall, this study shows a negative and unhealthy valuation of women.

Source 2 is an interpretation of gender equality and women’s empowerment. It is a critical analysis of the third millennium development goal by Naila Kabeer from the Institute of Developmental Studies at the University of Sussex and unlike in source 1, it is written as a social interpretation rather than a clinical study. The third millennium development goal deliberates the freedom of women and the social factors of this goal (Kabeer) dollar to inr rate today. For example, education, employment, and political participation and how it contributes to gender equality (Kabeer).

Empowerment is defined as the ability to make decisions (Kabeer). This article goes over the relationship between the three main dimensions of empowerment: agency, resources, and government.

The first topic this article discusses is agency. Agency has both negative and positive connotations. A positive agency is the ability to make and act on one’s own life choices, even in times of trouble (Kabeer). A negative agency is defined as the “power over” the ability of some to override the empowerment of others (Kabeer). This source explains that many cultures negative agencies are used towards women (Kabeer).

The next topic communicated is resources. A Resource is the medium through which agencies are exercised (Kabeer) us to china exchange rate. In certain places, certain people have a privileged position over others concerning how rules, norms, and conventions are distributed (Kabeer). The argument made here about resources is that if a woman does not have the right resources, her freedom is limited.

Achievements are discussed next. Resources and agencies make up peoples capabilities and their potential for living the lives they want. Achievements refer to the extent to which this potential is realized or fails to be realized.

This means that relationships between agencies, resources, and achievements all define each other and work together in order to reach the goal of empowerment (Kabeer) eur usd graph. Education is also talked about a great deal in this article, explaining it’s importance in a woman’s life for freedom (Kabeer). It can empower women to question, reflect on, and act on conditions of their lives (Kabeer). This topic is represented because many women do not go to school based on social norms such as having babies and becoming homemakers (Kabeer). Another topic on education talked about is the idea that less hidden content of the education curriculum leveling to wider social inequalities. They say in this article that because of the hidden content, women tend to be more shy, passive and modest, while men tend to become more assertive, brave, and ambitious (Kabeer).

Paid work is another reason for gender inequality (Kabeer). Kabeer explains that access to paid work increases women’s agencies and that women who work jobs and make money for their family are held with higher respect in their households asian stock market futures. This can also be traced to lower rates in domestic violence (Kabeer).

Another account for sexual segregation is political representation (Kabeer). Most people in political offices are men, and as half of the population of the world, the article demonstrates that women should represent half of political roles (Kabeer). Unfortunately, as of 2000, the proportion of women in parliament around the world was 13.8% (Kabeer).

Kabeer explains that while gender relations include ideas, values, tasks, activities and identities, gender relationships are not internally adherent. She admits that there is in fact an imbalance between men and women. She blames society for being the reason for the imbalances that are based on biological facets such as “strength” from testosterone and “nurturing nature” which stems from the ability for women to become pregnant and give birth (Kabeer).

In source 1, the authors’ intentions in writing was to assert the authenticity of preconceived gender role assumptions. The structure, like most scientific journals, is very organized. It starts off stating the hypothesis, then it explains the method of experimentation, first with stating who the subjects are, then the instruments they used to perform the study (questionnaire), then the instructions for the observation, and lastly, explaining the scores that the subjects acquired. After all of this was explained, came the results and the conclusion. Also included were charts, graphs, and samples of questions from the questionnaire for clearer understanding dollar pound conversion rate. Since this article is a scientific journal, it results in a sizeable amount of logos, with the tone taking a professional and scholarly stance. The audience is obviously any other scholars or men or women who have experienced gender role stereotyping. The strengths of this journal were that it was very organized and the validation of both hypotheses proving to be true. However, on the topic of hypotheses, one focal hypothesis would be more assertive than two. Another weakness is that this article is a bit dated—it was written in 1970 commodity futures market definition. Although, this is a broad enough article for any time period, it may have been helpful if it were written in a more recent era.

The author’s intention in source 2 was to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment. She also writes to exchange her findings on the third millennium goal. The article was structured in the first section by discussing the three levels of empowerment starting with agency, resources, and achievement, at first separately, then discussing them as having a connecting relationship. Then she discusses her next section: education, the positive effects and the problem of limited education. Next she discusses women working and political representation and closes her article with a conclusion which argues ways to lead to women empowerment. This cause and effect essay denotes a concerning tone. While she is concerned, she stands unbiased, which puts both a great deal of pathos and ethos on her side. The audience can be viewed as towards any woman, mainly those who have been oppressed. Some strong points in this article were that there were a lot of references, it had one clear concise thesis, it was written in 2005 so it is a current piece, and it effectively displays ethos, pathos, and logos very well. This article however, was not organized very well and that was it’s greatest weakness.

Although these two sources are written and explored in very different ways, they do share some very considerable points. Firstly, as one general main comparison, women and men are in fact seen as different beings in both articles. The two sources also agree that women are socially submitted to adjust to and accept the less socially desirable roles.

Due to the amount of statistical data and large number scholars working on the experiment, the first source can be seen as the more reliable article of the two. It is true that the second journal was written more recently and had a more clear and understandable thesis, the first analysis held a greater deal of authenticity, correctness, and reliability.

The most difficult aspect of this essay was finding the sources for the topic. The way I dealt with it was to put to use all of the websites that we discussed in class to make sure that they were scholarly works usd to cad. I am very confident in the validity of these sources because I went to the right databases to make sure that they were correct, also one of them is a scientific journal, so I know for a fact that one is accurate.

I began my writing process for this essay with an outline. My outline was very detailed and so it made it easier for me when I started to actually put my first draft together because all of the information was already there. In the beginning of this writing process I had to keep going back and finding new sources because they weren’t scholarly enough, however now I am confident with my two articles.

I am most confident with the choice of my topic, I think it is interesting and not many people would think to have their topic about this. It also brings about some very good discussions and arguments. I think my structure needs the most work. I am not sure if it flows as well as it should. My biggest takeaway from this assignment is when writing a big essay like this, to break it up into tiny sections of work and to do an outline and it will be much more accessible.


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