Vietnam needs to bring the dong down east asia forum rmb to usd conversion


The appreciation of the Vietnamese dong, coupled with characteristics specific to Vietnam’s transitional economy, leaves the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) with difficult choices in conducting monetary policy. Luckily, the SBV retains adequate fiscal flexibility to respond to this pressure through its exchange rate policy.

Vietnam has, for several decades, pegged the dong to the US dollar, within a limited band of 1–2 per cent usd to aed exchange rate history. This has been as an important measure of macroeconomic stability gender roles articles. The SBV promotes economic growth, controls inflation, stabilises the exchange rate and preserves the stability of the financial system. But it also subsidises inefficient state-owned enterprises (including state-owned commercial banks with a huge collection of non-performing loan portfolios), public development projects mandated by parliament, national budget deficits (including the large trade deficit with China), and other governmental international financial obligations.

The SBV also uses interest rate caps and controls on credit frequently as monetary policy tools.

The SBV has resorted to an on-again, off-again monetary policy in order to accomplish these ends exchange rate usd myr. This results in periods of high inflation followed by tight credit and high interest rates, often leading to business failures. Failed businesses are mostly private because they do not have public subsidies or borrowing privileges. High inflation rates lowers real national income, which foments discontent and possible social unrest and creates cyclical instability, personal bankruptcies, and waves of speculation in the real estate and equity markets.

Fluctuations in Vietnamese inflation also alter the difference in the inflation rates of Vietnam and its trading partners dollar euro exchange rate forecast. This will have an impact on the exchange rate of the two currencies. If Vietnam’s inflation rate exceeds that of its trading partner then there will be upward pressure on the real exchange rate 1 usd to myr. There would be a consequent deterioration of Vietnam’s competitive position, with all the subsequent negative effects on the economy chf usd bloomberg. To prevent a rise in the real exchange rate, the dong has to depreciate relative to the foreign currency in order to reflect the inflation differential.

But since the beginning of 2013, the real exchange rates of the dong with the US dollar and the renminbi have both been larger than one. This means that Vietnam’s competitive positions in its bilateral export markets with China and the United States have deteriorated. To improve competitiveness, the SBV could tighten monetary policy to reduce inflation cny usd exchange rate. Alternatively, it could allow its currency to depreciate faster. Both entail short-term pain and long-term gain binary tree. The SBV will likely justify this by saying that it is necessary to bring jobs to Vietnam in the age of globalisation.

But that said, there is no need for drastic monetary action at this point in time. In December 2014, the real exchange rates against both the Chinese yuan and the US dollar sat at around 1.002 binary cheat sheet. They are below those observed during 2008–09 (1.008 against China and 1.010 against the US). In other words, the real exchange rate does not need all that much adjustment now in order to improve the competitive position of Vietnam relative to its trading partners.

Chu Nguyen is Associate Professor and Chairman of the Finance, Accounting and Enterprise Information Systems Department, University of Houston–Downtown.

Your suggestion is very intriguing, however, it is outside the realm of monetary policy. Even if one is willing to consider the issue, measurement of export quality is problematic in addition to the recognizing time lag of quality changes in exported commodities 2000 usd to inr. You may recall the case of Japan, it took more than a decade for the international consumers to recognize the improvement of the quality of Japanese exports. Reply

If I understood you correctly, you are saying that the over-valuation of the Vietnamese dong is 1.002 in December 2014 as opposed to the benchmark of 1.000. That is only 0.2%, isn’t it? If you see how much a currency can change against another in a day, you would probably not say that the Vietnamese dong should be brought down, unless you have a different benchmark.

My statement is based on monthly, 12-month, 24-month and 36-month moving averages of deviations from the real exchange rate because, as you correctly observed, even monthly data still has a lot of noise. Additionally since 2013, the bands between the ±2 standard errors of the above averages do not contain the unity; therefore, as small as 0.2per cent as you cited, the probability for it to be within the margin of errors is, statistically, less than 4.5 per cent. Reply

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