What the critics say about treatment for transgender children _ the independent usd to aed converter


When Tai Jordan was a child, he would visit the local swimming pool and puzzle over why boys were allowed to splash about without their shirts on while he was forced to wear a bathing suit that covered most of his body. Exchange rate euro dollar And when he daydreamed about his wedding day in the faraway future, Jordan didn’t envision himself walking down the aisle in a poufy white gown, as his family hoped he would do one day. Usd to aud chart Jordan wanted to be the groom, waiting at the very end of that aisle for his bride.

“I’ve never really identified with the body I was born in,” says Jordan, an 18-year-old student at Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington. Usd to can “The way I decided to carry myself, the way I acted, was always more masculine.”

Jordan initially identified as a lesbian in 2013, but even after coming out about his sexual orientation,

he still didn’t feel “complete”. Exchange rate us to nz Confused about his body and his orientation, he became an avid triathlete and threw himself into sports, which led him to an epiphany. Investing usd try During a soccer competition in his junior year of high school, he tore both quad muscles and needed surgery. Gold price forecast 2020 When doctors performed an MRI of his lower body to diagnose the injury, they spotted something else much more serious. Euro football scores Next to Jordan’s ovaries were a rare type of benign tumours, known as teratomas. Exchange rate euro to dollar today Jordan underwent a surgical procedure to remove both ovaries. Usps shipping supplies With that, the doctors took away Jordan’s ability to have biological children. Currency converter us to aud The surgery also left him searching for answers to even more complex questions about who he was. World stock market futures That quest helped Jordan realise he wasn’t gay. Gender differences in learning He wanted to become a man.

Announcing to the world – or even just your family – that you want to transition to the opposite sex is almost never easy, and making that transition is a long ordeal, physically and psychologically. 1 usd to eur Though it’s a procedure that’s slowly becoming much more accepted by the public and the medical community, the prospects are still fraught for a young person who may have been chided by adults for feeling trapped in the wrong body, or ignored. Binary list Families and paediatricians may insist it’s just a symptom of the undignified phase of life known as puberty, or another bit of self-indulgent behaviour typical of angsty teens.

Jordan’s experience was much more positive. Hex editor freeware He came out to his mother a second time (first as a lesbian, now as transgender) and watched her well up (again). Famous quotes from movies “She wasn’t crying because she was sad, she was crying because she knows the statistics, and she knows the reality of what happens to people in the LGBTQ community: the unprecedented rates of suicide, the ability to fall into depression, the lack of resources,” says Jordan, who knows that around 40 per cent of people who identify as transgender will attempt suicide as teenagers. Msn news breaking news These young people also have significantly higher rates of homelessness, substance abuse and depression compared with the general population.

Jordan is one of approximately 700,000 people in the United States who identify as transgender, according to the Williams Institute, an independent organisation dedicated to research on sexual orientation and gender identity. Usd cad news The real figure is probably far higher but fear of stigma and abuse discourages openness on the subject, particularly in the large swaths of America that are religiously conservative. Euro chart In the somewhat more tolerant UK, for instance, a 2009 Home Office-funded study estimated that there are 300,000 to 500,000 transgender people in the country, despite a population only a fifth the size of America’s.

Thanks to greater awareness and acceptance, transitioning is now an option at an increasingly younger age. World market futures live However, the medical interventions used – hormone treatments, drugs to halt puberty – are highly controversial. Gender identity issues Some critics argue that the treatments are unethical and that young people are not psychologically or emotionally equipped to make such a momentous decision.

Others in the medical community vehemently disagree, and they are working hard to normalise the process by providing these treatments at children’s hospitals.

Jordan connected with Dr David Breland, a physician of paediatric and adolescent medicine at Seattle Children’s Hospital and director of its new Gender Clinic. Exchange rate pound sterling to us dollar Soon after meeting with Breland, Jordan began testosterone therapy to trick his body into developing certain characteristics associated with maleness. Market futures after hours Breland specialises in working with transgender teens, and he has seen at least 200 young patients like Jordan. Stock futures live market He helps families make sense of the process. Dow jones stock futures live He calls it a new kind of puberty, through which young people can grow into the adults they want to be. Peso to us dollar exchange rate today Advocates say going through this transition process early minimises stigma and improves both the medical and cosmetic outcomes.

Seattle Children’s Hospital is the fifth to open a clinic dedicated to the complex needs of this young patient population. Cnbc stock market futures Breland and his colleagues will see children and adolescents aged eight to 21, offering a high level of care that include specialists in endocrinology and behavioural medicine. Eur usd exchange rate At the Seattle clinic children will also have access to psychological counselling. Exchange rate british pound to us dollar They may also be provided with pubertal blockers to “buy the family some time” before starting a child on cross-sex hormones at the onset of puberty, says Breland. Usd brl Though the hospital isn’t doing reconstructive surgery to alter the appearance of genitals or the chest, it does provide guidance and referrals if a patient wants to undergo surgery later, most likely after reaching the age of 18. Eur usd bloomberg Experts in this specialised field say it’s clear that transitioning earlier in life can result in fewer medical procedures as an adult. Aud usd forecast today Hormones administered in early puberty can prevent a person’s features from becoming too masculine or feminine, and the process is much less painful than the often drastic and costly cosmetic surgery some patients require to look the way they see themselves. Nonbinary definition Early transition, some say, also results in improved mental health.

But Breland knows the timing is different for every patient. Binary number translator “There’s a lot of risk factors that happen with these people, and they just want to be themselves,” he says. Joy news “That’s why we think it should be a team effort, with a medical provider and a mental health provider so they can use psychotherapy and mental health evaluation to make sure it’s the right decision for them.”

Most doctors in this growing specialty follow established protocols for early transition. Gbp to usd exchange rate forecast The World Professional Association for Transgender Health, a charity, provides education and training for doctors to learn about caring for this patient population. Dollar and pound exchange rate It also advises the growing number of children’s hospitals offering these services on standards of care for transgender patients.

Other, more mainstream medical organisations have also weighed in. Us dollar rate today in india The American Academy of Paediatrics, for example, recommends doctors and adults have the first discussion about transitioning when the child is 12, but the organisation believes the process should start at 18.

Though advocates in the field have their own ideas about when to start the process, not enough is known about the factors that prevent transgender patients from receiving the right kind of care. Download calculator for windows 10 Breland recognised this and conducted some research before starting his clinic. Usd gbp rate For the study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, he and his colleagues interviewed 15 transgender patients and 50 caregivers to learn more about the challenges they faced when seeking care. What are stock market futures They identified several big issues. Usd to zar Some participants said it was hard to find paediatricians trained to provide “gender-affirming health care”. Usd rub rate Others reported a lack of consistently applied protocols for handling these patients. Cool pictures to draw Some said they encountered clinicians who failed to coordinate care or limited and delayed access to pubertal blockers and hormones. Usd eur rate history It was common for doctors to inconsistently use chosen names and pronouns. Usd currency Breland says his research proved that “it’s easier to have a chronic medical condition” than to be transgender.

When treating his youngest patients, he prescribes pubertal blockers that halt puberty altogether and prevent the development of biological sex characteristics. Uk to us conversion These US Food and Drug Administration-approved medications, known as GnRH agonists, were initially created to treat precocious puberty (when a child begins puberty before the age of eight or nine). Inr to usd exchange rate today The hormone in the drug overstimulates the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors in the brain, and “it just shuts these receptors down,” says Breland. Dow futures market The effects are mostly reversible if a patient stops taking the agonists.

When the patient and family feel ready, the clinic will move forward with the transition. Euro fx Breland says most decide to, and he then prescribes the cross-sex hormone – testosterone for transmales and oestrogen for transfemales. Online binary converter This usually begins at around the age of 12. What are futures in stock market Adding these drugs allows patients to begin developing into an adult of their reassigned sex. Binary translater “Just like someone going through puberty, their testosterone or oestrogen will gradually increase, and that’s what changes the body and voice and hair growth and breast development,” says Breland. Exchange rate vnd usd He prescribes a gradual increase in dosage so levels of oestrogen or testosterone will rise in the body, as they normally would for an adult who is biologically female or male.

Taking the hormones affects a number of the person’s physical traits. Today’s exchange rate usd to cad Boys transitioning to girls won’t develop biological sex characteristics such as bigger stature, a broad face, larger hands, an Adam’s apple and a deeper voice. Usd aud exchange rate Girls transitioning to boys will develop some traditionally male characteristics, such as facial hair. Euro to aud forecast A biological female in this protocol usually stops menstruating after six months. 1 jpy to usd Transitioning to a male will cause the patient’s voice to become deeper, and that’s likely to be a permanent change. Usd eur exchange rate history The hormones don’t change the overall appearance and function of a patient’s genitals, but testosterone may cause an enlargement of the clitoris, which can be useful should the patient want to have genital reconstruction later in life, says Breland.

Jordan began taking testosterone to transition from female to male in 2014, during his junior year of high school (ages 16-17 in the US). Text to binary translator He now administers his own testosterone shots every other week, and it will be something he does for the rest of his life. Usd to vnd He says the process feels like a “second puberty”. Gold forecast 2017 The difference this time is that he welcomes the changes in his body. Kwd usd exchange rate “You’ve got the acne, the facial hair, the voice cracking at weird points in the day,” he says. Euro to usd history “These are the secondary sex characteristics I would have liked to have happened initially.”

Up until 2012, the American Psychiatric Association listed “gender identity disorder” in the Diagnostics Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which therefore implied that patients who questioned or felt troubled by their biological gender were abnormal. When does the futures market open In 2012, after decades of classifying transgender people as mentally ill, the APA replaced the term with “gender dysphoria”, which is used to describe the distress felt by some patients about this aspect of their identity. Usa today sports scores It essentially affirms that gender nonconformity isn’t a psychiatric illness.

Many LGBT advocates hail that change, but some doctors think it’s dangerous to make it easier for young people to rush into transitioning. Funny quotes with pictures for facebook Dr Lawrence Mayer, a resident in the department of psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and a professor of statistics and biostatistics at Arizona State University, argues that young people aren’t equipped to make these judgments for themselves. The binary system Kenneth Zucker, a researcher at the University of Toronto and a therapist, suggests in several journal articles based on studies he conducted that early traumatic experiences with family, such as an absentee parent, can bring out gender-nonconforming behavior – but that these feelings eventually go away. Futures stock market definition His research suggests that as much as 90 per cent of the children who identify as transgender eventually accept their biological sex after puberty. Pound exchange rate to euro In a follow-up study of 25 transgender biological females, he found that only three still identified as transgender in adulthood. Binary tree Zucker used his research to formulate his own approach to treating these patients. Market futures bloomberg His treatment is controversial because he focused on helping a child become more comfortable in his or her body, rather than getting the care needed to transition early.

Mayer and others believe early intervention shouldn’t include drugs. Cad to usd history Instead, it should focus on encouraging young people to experiment with their gender in ways that are more mutable. Ntd to usd This may include changing hairstyle and clothing and using a different name. Futures market cnbc “I would be happy if these children would be sent to general child psychiatrists and followed for a period of time without their parents being there and see what they believe and how persistent it is,” he says. Euro conversion to usd “If it’s persistent enough, I would be supportive of them because I care about patients.”

Mayer co-authored a report that argues more data is needed to understand the outcomes of early transition. Cad usd graph The problem, he says, is that very few balanced studies have been conducted, especially on early intervention. Euro to usd chart His paper cites one study, published in Pediatrics, that found that reassignment surgery in young adulthood alleviated gender dysphoria, and that the wellbeing of these patients was similar or better than young adults in the general population. Aed to usd chart But Mayer says this study wasn’t well-designed – it was based on only 55 transgender young people and didn’t have a matched group of transgender patients who didn’t undergo medical treatment.

Jordan doesn’t feel as if he needs studies to affirm his experience. What is a futures market He’s adamantly against Mayer’s watch-and-wait approach, which he believes simply reflects a misunderstanding of the situation. Currency converter us dollars to pounds “If it’s going to take a little poke or a pinch or some soreness to feel better, to feel happy and to be able to move on with my life, then it’s a mere hiccup in the rest of my life,” he says. Usd to kwd converter “Nobody knows your body better than you do.”